From Hobson's Choice
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One of the three denominations of Islam. Initially, the distinction between Shi'a and Sunni Islam was over the succession to the caliphate, leading to a political conflict and civil war (656-661). The Shi'a demanded that the succession pass to a descendant of the late Prophet Muhammad, viz., Hazrat 'Alī. The Sunni demanded that the elders choose the successor by committee. When 'Ali accepted arbitration to end the civil war, a third group emerged, known as the Shurat ("Kharijites") who believed 'Ali had sinned by doing so.
Today, the only surviving group of Shurat are the Ibadhi of Oman.